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Refugees and immigrant challenge for Greece and Europe

The situation deteriorates from day to day and approaches the point of a dangerous explosion

IDOMENI, GREECE - AUGUST 22: A mother lifts her baby as migrants move within an area near the border between Greece and Macedonia on August 22, 2015 in Idomeni, Greece. Macedonian special police forces have blocked a main illegal crossing point on the border between Greece and Macedonia in the town of Idomeni. A state of emergency has been declared as several thousand illegal immigrants have been blocked in a no-man's land between the two countries without water and basic living necessities. (Photo by Milos Bicanski/Getty Images)
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Athens – Greece, while is struggling to overcome the terrible economic crisis, that is going though since six years, has been overtaken by an other terrible crisis, the tsunami of refugees and immigrants who rush to Greece and Europe. This problem is presented as a consequence of the continuing war and tragedy in Syria. Actually, this is partially true. Most of the refugees an immigrants are not Syrians but people from Pakistan, Bangladesh, North Africa, Somalia and Black Africa. Greece, as Italy, is a frontline country and the main entry country to Europe from the direction of Turkey. The closing down of the frontiers by the FYROM as well as the adamant stand of Austria and other Mittel Europe and Balkan countries has created a real nightmare in Greece, where they continue to arrive thousands of new immigrants and refugees from Turkey.

The Greek Left Tsipras Government continues to uphold the policy of open frontiers, which is advocated by the European Directive on Asylum. Following this Directive, all those who come to the frontiers of a member country and ask for asylum, should be allowed to enter the country and the research on their case if they are really refugees, should come after, through a judicial procedure. As a consequence of this Directive, it is impossible to make in advance any separation between refugees and immigrants, since all of them, for obvious reasons , present themselves as refugees.

Turkey takes, of course, advantage of the European open frontiers policy in order to push to Greece and other Europe the problem that is faced with the refugees from Syria and to push also under the same pretext, innumerable immigrants from Asia and Africa to Europe. Turkey has become the place of a lucrative business, which reassemble a new kind of shave traffic, under the form of cheap labour for Europe. This kind of traffic is taking place with the tolerance, if not the connivance of the Turkish state, which has discovered in this business a new negotiating card with Europe.

The situation resembles an irrational theater. Greece upholds the open frontiers policy, although is the first victim of this policy. Other European countries have closed down their frontiers and they declare as terminated the Western Balkan immigration corridor. The European Union, through the mouth of the President of the European Council Donald Tusk, gave approval to the closing down of the frontiers but at the same time it says nothing about the obvious shortcomings and contradictions of the European Directive on Asylum.

Everybody understands that behind this curious theater, they are profound divisions and disagreements among the European countries. The problem of refugees and immigrants puts to test the will and the tolerance of the European societies and the European  political systems. This problem is not a limited and a definite one. The discussion is not about a fixed number. This provokes a fear that the number of incomers could be illimitate and without end.

This new mobility of whole populations could change for ever the demography and the social and cultural pattern of Europe. The fact that a minority advocates massive immigration as solution to the demographic problems of Europe and as a necessary development for a globalist post national Europe, does not make easier the problem and the vehemence of reactions. Europe has not the same structure as the United States. The United States have become a political Union on the basis of individual wills, irrespective of the fact that everyone had a national origin. In Europe, things are very different. Europe is made up of national states, representing different national cultures and histories of centuries and even millenaries. It is very understandable that those national states are very attached to their histories and national cultures. The European treaties have taken act of this reality and they have given guarantees of respect of the identity of each member country.

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